high arched back; 10 to 14 pairs of chin barbels; gray or
black colored body in adults; young have 4 to 6 vertical
bars; has cobblestone-like teeth capable of crushing
oysters; scales large.
the vertical bars on juvenile black drum are somewhat
similar to those on sheepshead, Archosargus
probatocephalus; spadefish, Chaetodipterus faber;
red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus.
INSHORE fish common to bays and lagoons; bottom dweller
often found around oyster beds; also OFFSHORE.
common to 30 pounds.
Record: 93 lbs.
largest member of the drum family; spawns NEARSHORE in
winter and early spring; feeds on oysters, mussels, crabs,
shrimp and occasionally fish; longevity to 35 or more years.
Florida records quoted are from the Department of
Environmental Protection's printed publication, Fishing
Lines and are not necessarily the most current ones. The
records are provided as only as a benchmark.
Limits: Not less than 14" not more than 24"
Daily Rec. Bag
Limit: 5 per person
May Possess one over 24".